Saturday, February 26, 2011
Adire translates as tie and dye, perhaps more than any art form, Adire textile reflects
the richness of Nigerian cultural heritage. For this reason making of the Art of Adire
should be encouraged in schools, and it could be adopted into school uniforms as a way
of promoting our culture.
The Adire textiles are a viable means of which the rich African Cultural heritage
and ideas could be convey to other culture and outside world.
Adire, tie and dye is a resist process, which consists of tying, knotting, folding
or sewing certain parts of the cloth in a way that when immersed in dye solution,
the dye will not penetrate into the tied area of the fabric.
The production of Adire textile is done in two ways in which both are resist methods
of dying a pattern on a fabric. A part of the cloth is protected before it is immersed
into the dye bath. The resisting agent, such as rafia or cotton thread resists the dye
so as not to penetrate into the resisted areas.
THE MAKING OF ADIRE (TIE & DYE)–
.Materials For Tie & Dye:
i. Fabric- all kinds of cotton cloth are suitable.
iii. Dye Chemicals- Caustic Soda, Sodium Hydro sulphite, Soda Ash, Common Salt
iv. Dye Vessels- Any vessels of enamel, Stainless, Steel and galvanized ware
are suitable for hot and cold dyes.
v. Thread- All kinds of string, Bast, T wist, Yarn, Raffia(iko), etc
vi. Spoon- For measuring and adding dye
vii. Sticks- For Stirring the Dye
ix. Rubber Gloves
xi. Pins & Needles
xiii. Pencil, Chalk or Charcoal
v. Polythene Bags(of all sizes)
- THE TYING OF THE FABRIC INTO THE DESIRED DESIGN.
- MIXING OF THE DYE AND THE CHEMICALS WITH HOT WATER.
- DIPPING THE TIED FABRIC INTO DYE SOLUTION.
- AFTER A WHILE THE FABRIC IS REMOVED AND UNTIED.
- IT IS WASHED THOROUGHLY TO REMOVE EXCESS DYE.
- IT IS THEN SPREAD TO BE DRIED.
- FINALLY, YOU IRON THE FABRIC.
WRITTEN BY: MR. ADENIYI OLUSEGUN MICHAEL, VISUAL ART INSTRUCTOR. (www.olusegunadeniyi.blogspot.com)
MODELS: VISUAL ART STUDENTS OF FRENCH VILLAGE INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE, BADAGRY, LAGOS STATE.